Now that warm temperatures have finally come, summer will be here before we know it. With warmer temperatures, comes many insects and other arthropods outside to annoy us, including fleas and ticks. I have a wonderful miniature schnauzer that I would hate to see fleas and ticks on, and I don’t want him bringing these pests inside my home. There are many things we can do to protect our pets and ourselves from ticks and fleas.
Ticks are arachnids, they are a close relative to spiders, as they have 8 legs. The most common tick found in Nebraska is the American dog tick, or the wood tick. In extreme southeastern Nebraska, the Lone Star tick may also be found, which can be a carrier for a disease similar to Lyme disease. Many times we will find ticks on our pets or ourselves after being outside, especially if we have been in heavy vegetation where ticks are often found.
Ticks can be controlled through the use of many tactics.
- Tick collars
- The pet will still need to be inspected for ticks
- Shampoo treatments
- Need to be repeated often
- Spot pesticides
- Purchased from your veterinarian
- Applied monthly through the spring, summer, and fall
- The most recommended treatment of control for your pets.
To reduce your exposure to ticks,
- Avoid tick-infested areas, if possible
- Wear proper clothing
- Light -colored
- Long-sleeved shirts
- Long pants
- Use repellents
- Those containing DEET work best
- Inspect yourself upon returning home from potentially tick-infested areas
- Remove any ticks that became attached to you
- Use fine-tipped tweezers
- Pull the head and the rest of the tick out all together to avoid infection
- disinfect bite location and wash hands after removal of ticks
- It is not practical to use chemicals in your yard to control ticks
- The best thing for controlling ticks in your lawn would be to keep it mowed at the recommended 2-3 inches
As for fleas, these are transported into your home by pets and by other stray animals to your yard. Fleas are the tiny insects that jump around on your pets and can get into your home. Many of the tick pesticides are also labeled for fleas. If your pet gets fleas or brings them into your home, it is best to treat inside your home and the pet at the same time.
- For your home
- Wash bedding
- Use an insect growth regulator (IGR) in areas where the pet spends time to kill any larvae still found in your home
- For your pet
- Apply spot pesticides
- For your yard
- Utilize IGR’s outdoors, in shady locations, where the pet spends time
For flea and tick control it is recommended that you work with your veterinarian before you use products on your pet. It is important to read and follow label instructions with any pesticide. Products for use on dogs may not be appropriate for cats. The information for this blog came from Barb Ogg, UNL Extension Educator in Lancaster County.